FSA Quality Assurance Toolkit

7. References

FSA Quality Assurance Toolkit

Last updated: 03 March 2023

Addiction Journal. (2022). Writing the Abstract. https://www.addictionjournal.org/guidance/writing-the-abstract

Arksey, H., & O’Malley, L. (2005). Scoping studies: Towards a methodological framework. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1), 19–32. https://doi.org/10.1080/1364557032000119616

Beard, E., Marsden, J., Brown, J., Tombor, I., Stapleton, J., & Michie, S. (2019). Understanding and using time series analyses in addiction research. Addiction, 1–38. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14643

Beeckman, M., De Paepe, A., Van Alboom, M., Maes, S., Wauters, A., Baert, F., Kissi, A., Veirman, E., Van Ryckeghem, D. M. L., & Poppe, L. (2020). Adherence to the Physical Distancing Measures during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A HAPA-Based Perspective. Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being, 12(4), 1224–1243. https://doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12242

Bland, J., Butland, B., Peacock, J., Poloniecki, J., Reid, F., & Sedgwick, P. (2012). Statistics Guide for Research Grant Applicants. 67. https://www-users.york.ac.uk/~mb55/guide/guide14.pdf

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(May 2015), 77–101. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2019). Reflecting on reflexive thematic analysis. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 11(4), 589–597. https://doi.org/10.1080/2159676X.2019.1628806

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2021). To saturate or not to saturate? Questioning data saturation as a useful concept for thematic analysis and sample-size rationales. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 13(2), 201–216. https://doi.org/10.1080/2159676X.2019.1704846

Breathnach, S., Lally, P., Llewellyn, C. H., Sutherland, A., & Koutoukidis, D. A. (2022). Strategies to reduce the energy content of foods pre-ordered for lunch in the workplace: A randomised controlled trial in an experimental online canteen. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 19(1), 54. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-022-01257-5

Brett, J., Staniszewska, S., Mockford, C., Tysall, C., & Suleman, R. (2012). Mapping the impact of patient and public involvement on health and social care research: A systematic review. Health Expectations, 17, 637–650. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1369-7625.2012.00795.x

Bruce, N., Pope, D., & Stanistreet, D. (2018). Quantitative Methods for Health Research: A Practical Interactive Guide to Epidemiology and Statistics, 2nd Edition | Wiley. Wiley.Com. https://www.wiley.com/en-us/Quantitative+Methods+for+Health+Research%3A+A+Practical+Interactive+Guide+to+Epidemiology+and+Statistics%2C+2nd+Edition-p-9781118665411

Bruin, J. (2011). Choosing the Correct Statistical Test in SAS, Stata, SPSS and R. https://stats.oarc.ucla.edu/other/mult-pkg/whatstat/

Bryman, A. (2016). Social Research Methods. Oxford University Press. https://ktpu.kpi.ua/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/social-research-methods-alan-bryman.pdf

Curtis, K., Atkins, L., & Brown, K. (2017). Big hearts, small hands: A focus group study exploring parental food portion behaviours. BMC Public Health, 17(1), 716. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4711-z

European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. (2016). General Data Protection Regulation. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

FSA Science Council, P. (2021). Rapid Evidence Review on the Critical Appraisal of Third-Party Evidence. Food Standards Agency. https://doi.org/10.46756/sci.fsa.elm525

Gill, P., Stewart, K., Treasure, E., & Chadwick, B. (2008). Methods of data collection in qualitative research: Interviews and focus groups. British Dental Journal, 204(6), 291–295. https://doi.org/10.1038/bdj.2008.192

Gough, D., Oliver, S., & Thomas, J. (2017). An Introduction to Systematic Reviews. SAGE. https://uk.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm-assets/81596_book_item_81596.pdf

Government Social Research. (2021). GSR Professional Guidance: Ethical Assurance for Social and Behavioural Research in Government (pp. 1–41). https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/1000708/2021-GSR_Ethics_Guidance_v3.pdf

Government Social Research Profession. (2018). The Government Social Research Code—People and Products. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-goverment-social-research-code-people-and-products

Government Statistical Service. (2020a). Data visualisation: Tables and charts. https://gss.civilservice.gov.uk/policy-store/introduction-to-data-visualisation/

Government Statistical Service. (2020b). Tips for maintaining quality when designing surveys at pace. https://gss.civilservice.gov.uk/policy-store/top-tips-for-maintaining-quality-when-designing-surveys-at-pace/

Hennink, M., & Kaiser, B. N. (2022). Sample sizes for saturation in qualitative research: A systematic review of empirical tests. Social Science & Medicine (1982), 292, 114523. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.114523

HM Revenue & Customs. (2019). Appendix 4: Equality analysis guidance and template - for programmes, platforms, projects and policies. GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/northern-ireland-equality-scheme-for-hmrc/appendix-4-equality-analysis-guidance-and-template-for-programmes-platforms-projects-and-policies

HM Treasury. (2015). The Aqua Book: Guidance on producing quality analysis for government. GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-aqua-book-guidance-on-producing-quality-analysis-for-government

HM Treasury. (2020). The Magenta Book. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-magenta-book

Hoffmann, T. C., Glasziou, P. P., Boutron, I., Milne, R., Perera, R., Moher, D., Altman, D. G., Barbour, V., Macdonald, H., Johnston, M., Lamb, S. E., Dixon-Woods, M., McCulloch, P., Wyatt, J. C., Chan, A.-W., & Michie, S. (2014). Better reporting of interventions: Template for intervention description and replication (TIDieR) checklist and guide. BMJ, 348, g1687. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.g1687

Kuper, A., Lingard, L., & Levinson, W. (2008). Critically appraising qualitative research. BMJ, 337, a1035. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.a1035

Malterud, K. (2001). Qualitative research: Standards, challenges, and guidelines. The Lancet, 358, 483–488. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11513933/

Malterud, K., Siersma, V. D., & Guassora, A. D. (2016). Sample Size in Qualitative Interview Studies: Guided by Information Power. Qualitative Health Research, 26(13), 1753–1760. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049732315617444

Mays, N., & Pope, C. (2000). Assessing quality in qualitative research. British Medical Journal, 320, 50–52. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.02151.x

Mead, B. R., Christiansen, P., Davies, J. A. C., Falagán, N., Kourmpetli, S., Liu, L., Walsh, L., & Hardman, C. A. (2021). Is urban growing of fruit and vegetables associated with better diet quality and what mediates this relationship? Evidence from a cross-sectional survey. Appetite, 163, 105218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2021.105218

Moher, D., Liberati, A., Tetzlaff, J., & Altman, D. G. (2009). Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: The PRISMA statement. PLoS Medicine, 6(7), e1000097. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000097

Moriarty, J. (2011). Qualitative methods overview (SSCR methods reviews). National Institute for Health Research School for Social Care. http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/41199/1/SSCR_Methods_Review_1-1.pdf

Munafo, M. R., & Davey Smith, G. (2018). Repeating experiments is not enough. Nature, 553, 399–401. https://media.nature.com/original/magazine-assets/d41586-018-01023-3/d41586-018-01023-3.pdf

NIHR. (2019). How to disseminate your research. https://www.nihr.ac.uk/documents/how-to-disseminate-your-research/19951

Nijhawan, L. P., Janodia, M. D., Muddukrishna, B. S., Bhat, K. M., Bairy, K. L., Udupa, N., & Musmade, P. B. (2013). Informed consent: Issues and challenges. Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research, 4(3), 134–140. https://doi.org/10.4103/2231-4040.116779

Nosek, B. A., Ebersole, C. R., Dehaven, A. C., & Mellor, D. T. (2018). The preregistration revolution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 115(11), 2600–2606. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1708274114

Parkinson, S., Eatough, V., Holmes, J., Stapley, E., & Midgley, N. (2016). Framework analysis: A worked example of a study exploring young people’s experiences of depression. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 13(2), 109–129. https://doi.org/10.1080/14780887.2015.1119228

Reed, M. (2019, March 11). How to do stakeholder analysis. Fast Track Impact. https://www.fasttrackimpact.com/post/2019/03/11/how-to-do-stakeholder-analysis

Rosenthal, M. (2016). Qualitative research methods: Why, when, and how to conduct interviews and focus groups in pharmacy research. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 8(4), 509–516. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cptl.2016.03.021

Schaefer, G. O., & Wertheimer, A. (2010). The Right to Withdraw from Research. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 24. https://philarchive.org/archive/SCHTRT-3

Schulz, K. F., Altman, D. G., & Moher, D. (2010). CONSORT 2010 statement: Updated guidelines for reporting parallel group randomised trials. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 340(march), c332. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.c332

Schwarzer, R., & Luszczynska, A. (2008). How to overcome health-compromising behaviors: The health action process approach. European Psychologist, 13(2), 141–151. https://doi.org/10.1027/1016-9040.13.2.141

Spiegelhalter, D. J., & Riesch, H. (2011). Don’t know, can’t know: Embracing deeper uncertainties when analysing risks. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 369(1956), 4730–4750. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2011.0163

Tong, A., Sainsbury, P., & Craig, J. (2007). Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): A 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups. International Journal of Qualitative in Health Care, 19(6), 349–357. https://doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzm042

Tricco, A. C., Antony, J., Zarin, W., Strifler, L., Ghassemi, M., Ivory, J., Perrier, L., Hutton, B., Moher, D., & Straus, S. E. (2015). A scoping review of rapid review methods. BMC Medicine, 13, 224. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-015-0465-6

von Elm, E., Altman, D. G., Egger, M., Pocock, S. J., Gøtzsche, C., & Vandenbroucke, J. P. (2007). The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement: Guidelines for reporting observational studies. Lancet, 370, 1453–1457. https://doi.org/10.2471/BLT.07.045120

Wu, H., & Leung, S.-O. (2017). Can Likert Scales be Treated as Interval Scales?—A Simulation Study. Journal of Social Service Research, 43(4), 527–532. https://doi.org/10.1080/01488376.2017.1329775

© Crown copyright 2023

This publication (not including logos) is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned.

For more information and to view this licence:

For enquiries about this publication, contact the Food Standards Agency.


Project reference: FS301048   

Twitter logo of a blue bird

 Follow us on Twitter: @foodgov

Facebook logo - white on a blue background

Find us on Facebook: facebook.com/FoodStandardsAgency